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Posts for category: Proper Footwear

By Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care
October 27, 2017
Category: Proper Footwear
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At Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care we see women every week who come to us with foot complaints that are being caused or made considerably worse by their shoe choice. Yes, you want to look professional and fashionable but it’s important not to choose short term fashion fame over long term foot pain. Below are foot faux pas to avoid:

“They make my feet look small.” That’s probably because the shoes themselves are too small for your feet! Some studies estimate that 9 out of 10 women are currently wearing shoes that are the incorrect size. Shoe size usually increases as you get older. Have your foot professionally measured before buying your next pair of shoes. Forcing feet into footwear that is too small can cause corns, blisters and deformities.

“High heels are so feminine.” They also greatly increase your risk of bunions, hammertoes and other toe deformities. High heels pack a double whammy: they force your toes to the front of your shoe and squeeze them together. Spending a lot of time in heels over 2 inches can start to actually cause your toes to move out of position. Pressing up against one another also increases the chances of getting an ingrown toenail.

“Once the cooler weather hits I love wearing my fashion boots every day!” The problem with many fashion boots is that they have little or no arch support. This can lead to heel pain due to the strain they put on your plantar fascia. Look for boots that have good arch support or be sure to alternate them with other shoes.

“I need to wear pumps for work but they hurt my heel.” You may be suffering from a condition known as Haglund’s Deformity or, as it is more commonly called, “Pump Bump.” A bony enlargement at the back of the heel falls right at the point where the back of your pump meets your foot. Constant rubbing and pressure irritate the area causing it to become inflamed and sore. Look for pumps that have a more flexible heel counter or try open back styles to take the pressure off. The foot doctor may also recommend protective padding for the back of your heel.

If you do find yourself experiencing chronic or severe foot pain, make an appointment at our Edison, Monroe or Monmouth Junction office in New Jersey by calling: 732-662-3050 and be sure to wear or bring the shoes you wear most often.  Our podiatrists, Dr. Varun Gujral and Dr. Nrupa Shah will examine your feet and determine if your footwear is contributing to your condition. Our foot doctor can also suggest styles that will best suit your foot and accommodate any conditions you currently have.

By Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care
August 19, 2017
Category: Proper Footwear
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As summer winds down, many families will be setting out on the age old quest for new school shoes. At Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care we know that buying good quality, properly fitting shoes are one of the best ways parents can protect the health of their children’s feet. Below are some important tips to consider:

  • If your child sustained a foot injury over the summer or you have any concerns about their feet at all, schedule a foot examination with our podiatrists, Dr. Varun Gujral and Dr. Nrupa Shah before you take your child shopping for new shoes. It’s important to be sure that any injuries have fully healed. Also, if there are any problems with your child’s feet, the foot doctor may have specific recommendations about the kinds of shoes that would be best for your child.
  • Have both of your children’s feet measured professionally before trying on shoes. It is not uncommon for one foot to be larger than the other. Always buy shoes to accommodate the larger of the two feet.
  • Make sure there’s enough room in the toe box. There should be a half an inch of space between the longest toe and the front of the shoe and your child should be able to freely wiggle their toes in the shoes.
  • Check that heels do not slip out of the back of the shoe. If this is happening, there is a greater risk of injury. Children who have sprained ankles in the past or who have weak ankles may do better with high top shoes or sneakers.
  • Don’t forget sneakers or sports shoes. At the rate that children’s feet grow, there’s a good chance that your child has outgrown the sneakers he or she was wearing in the spring. Check for wear too. If your child plays a particular sport, get shoes that are designed for that sport.
  • Have your child walk around the store with both shoes on for a while before purchasing. Take them off, remove the socks and check your child’s foot to see if there are red marks or other signs that the shoe is irritating or rubbing on a part of the foot.

If you have questions about the health of your child’s feet, contact our Edison, Monroe or Monmouth Junction offices in New Jersey by calling: 732-662-3050.

By Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care
August 01, 2017
Category: Proper Footwear
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During the summer months, many people make a choice that they think is easy on their feet but can actually cause several short and long term problems: the constant wearing of flip flops. At Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care, we want to remind patients that these easy-to-wear summer shoes have one excellent use: keeping your feet from coming in contact with bacteria and fungi when walking in damp, warm places like the town pool, gym locker room or beach changing area. Wearing them every day, however, can be hazardous. Here’s why:

1.People wearing flip flops are more prone to cuts, scrapes and blisters. Most flip flops are made of rubber, which tends to create a high amount of friction between the skin and the strap  between your toes when feet sweat. This means an increased chance of blisters. In addition, the openness of the shoe combined with the total lack of sides means the foot is not stable, resulting in more stubbed toes, scrapes and cuts on your feet.

2.Flip flops increase the risk of stress fractures. Flip flops offer zero shock absorption. The repeated pounding of your feet on hard surfaces with very little to cushion the impact greatly increases the chance of stress fractures, especially in the forefoot. These tiny, hairline cracks develop as a result of repetitive pressure and are characterized by ongoing pain which can be dull or sharp.

3.A high number of ankle sprains occur to people wearing flip flops. In flip flops, your feet easily slip from side to side, making twisting an ankle an easy feat. People who have had a previous sprain are more likely to overstretch the ankle ligaments again, especially if the sprain was not fully rehabilitated initially. With no ankle support whatsoever, flip flops do nothing to protect ankles or hold them in position and prevent twisting when walking or stepping off stairs, curbs or other uneven surfaces.

4.Patients who make flip flops as their go-to summer shoes are more likely to end up with heel pain and plantar fasciitis. If you have flat feet, you are more likely to experience heel pain or to develop plantar fasciitis—a condition where the long band of tissue that stretches along the bottom of the foot, the plantar fascia, becomes inflamed. When you wear flips flops, which have no arch support, on a regular basis, you are encouraging your feet to become “flat.”

If these easy going shoes leave you with stressed out feet and you find yourself experiencing pain as the summer wears on, don’t wait to contact our Edison, Monroe or Monmouth Junction offices by calling: 732-662-3050. Our podiatrists, Dr. Varun Gujral and Dr. Nrupa Shah, will get you the pain relief you seek, although you will most likely have to put away your flip flops!

By Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care
June 15, 2017
Category: Proper Footwear
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At Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care we always stress to our patients the importance of good quality, supportive and properly-fitting footwear. Many foot problems can be avoided if patients wear the right shoes for their feet. Our podiatrists, Dr. Varun Gujral and Dr. Nrupa Shah can even offer advice on the best style of shoes to accommodate any issues you currently have with your feet. If you wish to have your feet evaluated, contact our Edison, Monroe or Monmouth Junction office for an appointment by calling: 732-662-3050.

Just for fun, here are some facts about shoes and shoe sizes you may not have known:

  • The first system for measuring shoe size was established in the 1300’s in Britain.
  • Women’s shoes weren’t differentiated from men’s shoes until the 1700’s
  • It wasn’t until 1818 in Philadelphia that left and right shoes were made. Prior to that, shoes for both feet were the same.
  • The oldest preserved shoe is 5,500 years old. It was found in a cave in Armenia.
  • The only shoe museum in North America is located in Toronto. It features shoes spanning 4,500 years.
  • The first sneakers were made in America in 1916.
  • The record for the world’s largest shoe size is held by Matthew McGrory who wears a US size 28.5.
  • The first pair of boots were made for Queen Victoria in 1840.
  • Heels were originally added to Middle Eastern shoes to help get the foot off the burning sand.
  • During year one of a child’s life their feet grow to reach almost half their adult size.
  • By age 12, the foot is about 90% of its adult length.
  • Studies show that 9 out of 10 women are wearing shoes that are too small for their feet.
  • Your feet swell to their largest size at the end of the day—that’s why it’s the best time to go shoe shopping.
  • During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries in Europe, heels on shoes were always red.
  • The average foot has gone up 2 shoes sizes in the last 4 decades.
By Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care
February 19, 2017
Category: Proper Footwear
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Although many women wear high heels to make them look taller, more stylish or professional, at Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care we know that heels contribute to several serious and potentially debilitating problems. High heels put your feet in an unnatural position. The downward sloping of the foot forces toes to be squeezed together and shortens your calf muscles. Some conditions that can result from too much time in high heels include:

  1. Falls. Shoes with high heels, especially narrow ones, make you unstable and more likely to twist an ankle or fracture a bone. If you have weak ankles, high heels provide no support to them and invite repeated sprains.
  2. Knee and back problems. High heels alter your normal standing and walking position and that means the rest of your lower body also has to move in an unnatural way to compensate. This results in strain to your knees and lower back which, if you spend enough time in heels, can become a chronic problem.
  3. Bunions and hammertoes. When your toes are squeezed together and forced up against the front of a shoe for long periods of time, the alignment of the bones can be altered and an existing structural defect can be aggravated. In the case of both bunions and hammertoes, the toes are forced out of their normal position into one that causes pain from footwear, walking and corns and calluses may form as a secondary issue.
  4. Ingrown toenails. That same forcing of the toes up against one another can create the perfect environment for a toenail to start to grow back into the skin surrounding the nail bed. Not only is this condition extremely painful, it can be the gateway for harmful bacteria to enter the body and cause an infection.

Try to limit heel height to two inches and choose shoes with a wide (rather than narrow) heel. If you must wear heels, try to keep your time in them to a minimum and consider keeping flats at your office to wear for at least part of the day or to wear in transit to an event where you plan to wear high heels.

If you are noticing any symptoms of the above problems, make an appointment at our Edison, Monroe or Monmouth Junction office by calling: 732-662-3050 to have your feet examined by one of our podiatrists, Dr. Varun Gujral or Dr. Nrupa Shah. Don’t sacrifice the health of your feet for fashion!