Posts for: June, 2013

No this isn’t a new version of the popular song; this is a deformity of the toes! If you aren’t sure what this is, it is a deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joints in the toe. What the heck is that? If you look at your toes and bend them down, the first joint you see bending, that is the joint we’re talking about. Hammertoe is when this joint deforms causing the joint to be bent permanently, so it looks like a hammer. This normally happens in the second, third and fourth toes.

Some common causes of this are wearing shoes that put the toes in this bent position frequently. Common shoe types that can cause this type of toe bending are shoes that are too tight or too small and high heels.  Some of our favorite actresses like Jennifer Anniston and Natalie Portman have an increased risk of developing hammertoe because they frequently wear high heels.  These shoes cause the muscles of the toes to shorten, which pulls them into this position; the muscles can become permanently shortened. There are some underlying conditions that can cause this, for example osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, a stroke or diabetes.

If you suspect that you or a family member may have hammertoe you should make an appointment with your local podiatrist at Affiliated Foot and Ankle Care in Edison and Monroe NJ to get your feet checked out! The treatment for hammer toe depends on the severity of the deformity. For less severe cases your podiatrist will recommend physical therapy and toe boxes in your shoes. Toe boxes are inserts that will separate your toes and let them have space to “stretch” out. In more severe cases surgery will be required to fix the deformity. After surgery you will need to do some physical therapy exercises to help the toes maintain their new shape.

by Varun Gujral

I know you’re thinking is this an actual thing? Yes it is! But I’m sure that unless you or someone that you know has this disease you didn’t even know it existed! So what is this disease? It is a rare disorder where the patient develops fibrous nodules or lumps of hard tissue on the bottom of their feet. These tissue lumps develop along the tendons of the muscles of the foot and can affect the function of these muscles. They normally appear on the inside part of the bottom of the foot and are usually not painful! The only pain that comes from this condition is when the bump rubs against your shoe or the floor.

This disease is very rare so the exact cause is still unknown but some risk factors have been identified. Some of these risk factors include a family history of the disease, diabetes mellitus, Peyronies disease and it is more frequent in males. It is thought that there may also be a link between alcoholism, smoking, liver and thyroid problems, however these causes haven’t been 100% proven yet.

The exact cause is unknown but some podiatrist think that these bumps develop from tears in the plantar fascia, and the bumps form while the fascia is trying to heal. The only way to diagnose this disease is to see your local podiatrist at Affiliated Foot and Ankle Care located in Edison and Monroe NJ. If you think you may have this disease it is important to go see a doctor and get it diagnosed! After a diagnosis has been made your doctor will recommend some different things to treat it. If the nodules are caught early it will be recommended that you wear soft shoes with good support to prevent friction of the nodules to keep them from growing anymore. In severe cases surgery may be done, however surgery is very difficult because the bumps tend to be close to or on tendons and nerves which makes them difficult to remove. But after they are removed they normally don’t reappear unless the bump wasn’t completely removed. Sometimes cortisone injections are used to delay the growth of the bumps, which has been shown to help quite a bit. The treatment required depends on how early the disease is caught and how early the bumps are caught so don’t hesitate to go see your podiatrist!

By Nrupa Shah

Whether we want to admit it or not many of us have suffered from tinea pedis, aka athlete’s foot. Yes this is a fungus (gross I know right?!) and you’re probably thinking that is so embarrassing, I don’t want anyone to know I have a fungus on my feet! However athlete’s foot is more common than you think, and it is nothing to be embarrassed about. Luckily for people suffering from this it is easy to take care of after a trip to your local podiatrist at Affiliated Foot and Ankle Care located in Edison and Monroe NJ.

Let’s start with the signs of athlete’s foot. The most common symptoms include, itching, burning and scratching feeling, cracking or peeling skin, possible itchy blisters, thick discolored toe nails and sometimes excessive dryness on the bottom of the foot. Normally all of these symptoms are not present, each person may have 2-3 of these but which symptoms each person gets are different.

There are a few different ways to get athlete’s foot; the most common way is from wearing tight warm moist shoes frequently. This is why it is termed athlete’s foot, because athletes wear sneakers all the time, and they sweat in them which creates a warm moist environment, a perfect place for fungus to grow. Some of our favorite athletes like Lebron James and Mariano Rivera are very prone to suffer from athlete’s foot because of all the time they spend sweating in their sneakers! This fungus can also be spread by coming into contact with it, so if you touch feet with someone who has it, you might get it also!

If you notice any of these symptoms on your feet it is important to go see your podiatrist right away so they can help you take care of it. The most common way to treat this is with an antifungal cream, you will rub it on your feet daily until the infection is gone. Sometimes new shoes are recommended because the fungus may be living in there too! It is also important to get this treated to prevent further complications. Sometimes people can develop secondary infections, which means a bacteria can also start to infect the foot along with the fungus, which could lead to a breakdown of the skin between the toes (and no one wants that!)


By: Varun Gujral

What exactly is a bunion? A bunion is when the bone of your big toe gets larger at the end and creates a large bump on the side of your foot. This can be from wearing shoes that are too tight or from high heels. The bump is created when these shoes force your big toe up against your next toe, this forces your big toe to move in the opposite direction; so the bump is made on the outside of the toe. This is more common in women than in men, about 1 in 3 American women will suffer from a bunion. Some of our favorite celebrities like Lady Gaga, who are known for wearing crazy high heel shoes are very prone to developing a bunion. The area where the bone is changing will become painful and swollen. The area will become red and the skin can become thicker. Overtime it may become more and more difficult to walk due to the pain.

 If you think you have a bunion you should make an appointment with your local podiatrist at Affiliated Foot and Ankle Care in Edison and Monroe, NJ. Until you can get an appointment it is best to wear roomy shoes, as wearing tight shoes will make the pain worse. In most cases surgery is required to correct bunions. The surgery will realign the bones of your first toe; it will also realign the tendons and ligaments so that your toe will go back to its correct position.

Prevention is always the best option though! I know that when women go shoe shopping they always go for style over comfort, however your feet don’t like this theory! To prevent bunions you want to look for shoes that are roomy and have NO heels. This will keep your feet, especially your big toe happy! And this will prevent bunions from forming!

By:  Varun Gujral