Posts for tag: Edison and Monroe NJ

Whether we want to admit it or not many of us have suffered from tinea pedis, aka athlete’s foot. Yes this is a fungus (gross I know right?!) and you’re probably thinking that is so embarrassing, I don’t want anyone to know I have a fungus on my feet! However athlete’s foot is more common than you think, and it is nothing to be embarrassed about. Luckily for people suffering from this it is easy to take care of after a trip to your local podiatrist at Affiliated Foot and Ankle Care located in Edison and Monroe NJ.

Let’s start with the signs of athlete’s foot. The most common symptoms include, itching, burning and scratching feeling, cracking or peeling skin, possible itchy blisters, thick discolored toe nails and sometimes excessive dryness on the bottom of the foot. Normally all of these symptoms are not present, each person may have 2-3 of these but which symptoms each person gets are different.

There are a few different ways to get athlete’s foot; the most common way is from wearing tight warm moist shoes frequently. This is why it is termed athlete’s foot, because athletes wear sneakers all the time, and they sweat in them which creates a warm moist environment, a perfect place for fungus to grow. Some of our favorite athletes like Lebron James and Mariano Rivera are very prone to suffer from athlete’s foot because of all the time they spend sweating in their sneakers! This fungus can also be spread by coming into contact with it, so if you touch feet with someone who has it, you might get it also!

If you notice any of these symptoms on your feet it is important to go see your podiatrist right away so they can help you take care of it. The most common way to treat this is with an antifungal cream, you will rub it on your feet daily until the infection is gone. Sometimes new shoes are recommended because the fungus may be living in there too! It is also important to get this treated to prevent further complications. Sometimes people can develop secondary infections, which means a bacteria can also start to infect the foot along with the fungus, which could lead to a breakdown of the skin between the toes (and no one wants that!)


By: Varun Gujral

What exactly is a bunion? A bunion is when the bone of your big toe gets larger at the end and creates a large bump on the side of your foot. This can be from wearing shoes that are too tight or from high heels. The bump is created when these shoes force your big toe up against your next toe, this forces your big toe to move in the opposite direction; so the bump is made on the outside of the toe. This is more common in women than in men, about 1 in 3 American women will suffer from a bunion. Some of our favorite celebrities like Lady Gaga, who are known for wearing crazy high heel shoes are very prone to developing a bunion. The area where the bone is changing will become painful and swollen. The area will become red and the skin can become thicker. Overtime it may become more and more difficult to walk due to the pain.

 If you think you have a bunion you should make an appointment with your local podiatrist at Affiliated Foot and Ankle Care in Edison and Monroe, NJ. Until you can get an appointment it is best to wear roomy shoes, as wearing tight shoes will make the pain worse. In most cases surgery is required to correct bunions. The surgery will realign the bones of your first toe; it will also realign the tendons and ligaments so that your toe will go back to its correct position.

Prevention is always the best option though! I know that when women go shoe shopping they always go for style over comfort, however your feet don’t like this theory! To prevent bunions you want to look for shoes that are roomy and have NO heels. This will keep your feet, especially your big toe happy! And this will prevent bunions from forming!

By:  Varun Gujral


Charcot foot affects the nerves and blood supply of the foot, these systems are damaged and as a result the bones and joints become weakened and possibly damaged. The foot can become misshapen due to the bones collapsing, and there can be a lack of feeling in the foot due to the nerve damage. The common symptoms to look for include redness, swelling, pain, instability of the joints, loss of feeling and deformity. 

Charcot foot is seen in patients who have been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus and sometimes in patients diagnosed with peripheral neuropathy. Many times Charcot foot goes undiagnosed because the patient has no feeling in their foot and they don’t notice that anything is wrong. However if you do notice any of the above symptoms it is important to make an appointment with your local podiatrist at Affiliated Foot and Ankle Care in Edison and Monroe NJ.

When you go to see your podiatrist they will diagnose Charcot foot by taking x-rays and performing function and sensation exams. Sometimes Charcot foot can mimic other diseases and can be difficult to diagnose, however your podiatrist can diagnose it properly if it is caught early! Catching this disease in its early stages is very important to prevent serious injury and damage to the foot.

The most important thing when treating Charcot foot is to stabilize the joints. This can be done by immobilization with a cast or walking boot, crutches to prevent weight bearing and custom shoes and braces can be used. In severe cases surgery may be required to fix the joints and deformities. Surgery can be done to remove excess bone or cartilage; it can also be done to realign different parts of the foot that may have moved from their original position. After surgery immobilization is very important for the foot to heal.

By Nrupa Shah


What exactly is this? It is just extra bone growing off of normal bone. This seems like a strange thing to happen in our bodies, so how does bone that’s not supposed to be there, grow? These spurs grow in response to pressure, rubbing or stress on the normal bone. In the foot this typically happens in places where tendons attach to the foot and “pull” on the bone, causing new bone to grow. This is a common sports injury in professional basketball players.  Both Kobe Bryant, of the Los Angeles Lakers and Deron Williams, of the Brooklyn Nets, suffer from bone spurs.

When people think of spurs they normally think of harmless, smooth, rounded “bumps” of bone, and this is normally what bones spurs are. But sometimes these spurs can be sharper or rubbing against tendons or muscles and can be painful. In the foot a very common place for this to happen is in the heel; this is called a heel spur. This can form from the tendons attaching to the heel being used heavily in exercise; they are also very common in women who wear high heels frequently!

Most people who have bone spurs don’t even know it, and could have them their entire lives and never need them treated. However in some cases, like Kobe’s and Deron’s, the bone spur causes a lot of pain and needs to be taken care of. The way to find out if a bone spur is the cause of your foot is pain is to make an appointment  at your local  podiatrist and get an x-ray.  The doctors at Affiliated Foot and Ankle Care, located in Edison and Monroe NJ, can help make the proper diagnosis for your foot pain!

If a bone spur is the cause of your pain there are three ways to approach the problem. The treatment can be directed at what is causing the bone spur, the symptoms or the bone spur itself can be treated. Excessive weight and strain on the tendons of your feet are common causes, so a treatment based on causes could be weight loss or reduced or changed activity. To treat the symptoms can be done by NSAIDs or shoe inserts to relieve the stress off your foot. And lastly to actually treat the spur itself your podiatrist can surgically remove the spur.

By:  Varun Gujral


I’m sure everyone has heard about Kobe Bryant’s devastating injury, and the fact that his season, maybe even career is over. So what exactly happened to him? Kobe ruptured his Achilles tendon. If you feel at the back of your ankle, you feel a long hard thing that is your Achilles tendon. This is where your calf muscles attach to your heel bone to keep your foot and ankle stable.

A rupture/tear of this tendon can occur by suddenly pointing your toe up or down and landing on the foot in a weird position. There is an area of this tendon called the watershed area; this is a weak area of the tendon because it doesn’t receive as much blood supply as the rest of the tendon so it is more likely to be injured there. It is very common for this injury to occur in athletes playing basketball or football.

The common signs and symptoms of this injury include swelling and pain at the back of the ankle, hearing a “popping” noise when the injury occurs, and a positive Simmonds test.  When you see your podiatrist, he will perform the Simmonds test, which is when he squeezes your calf muscles and looks at the movement of your foot.  It is considered a positive test when there is no movement of the foot, and the patient is unable to point his toes downward.

Your local podiatrist at Affiliated Foot and Ankle Care in Edison and Monroe NJ can take care of you if you feel that you have experienced this kind of injury. The first thing the podiatrist will do is look at the ankle and perform tests like the above described Simmonds test, and then he will order an MRI to confirm his diagnosis.

If an Achilles tear is diagnosed, surgery will be required. The tendon will be stitched back together and then stabilized for a few months to allow the tendon to repair. After surgery physical therapy will be required to regain strength in the foot and leg. Kobe Bryant will require surgery and a lot of rehab therapy if he wants to return to the Lakers anytime soon!

 by Varun Gujral