Posts for tag: Footwear

By Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care
April 17, 2019
Category: foot safety

Spring has finally sprung and that means our beautiful New Jersey hiking trails are beckoning our patients at Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care. While we are all for getting some exercise and enjoying the outdoors, we often see ankle and knee injuries along with foot pain and sore muscles after a strenuous day hike. To help prevent these problems, we offer the following suggestions:

  1. Check on chronic conditions. If you are experiencing an ongoing podiatric issue like flat feet or plantar fasciitis, schedule a checkup with our podiatrists, Dr. Varun Gujral and Dr. Nrupa Shah to assess your current condition. The foot doctor can make recommendations regarding hiking shoe style and trail conditions that would make hiking more comfortable and enjoyable. If the podiatrist has prescribed a custom orthotic device, make sure it fits in your hiking shoes.
  2. Consider trek poles. They look like ski poles, but trek poles are designed to be used on ground. They can help you maintain proper form and reduce strain and fatigue in your lower extremities. This in turn will reduce your risk of injury.
  3. Choose the right hiking shoes. Hiking footwear comes in a variety of styles. High top versions provide additional ankle support but may be heavier, leading more quickly to fatigue. All hiking boots should have a good tread for gripping uneven surfaces. Be sure to condition your boots before setting out to ensure that they are waterproof.
  4. Keep feet dry. When feet get sweaty friction is created which can cause painful blisters to form. Staying in damp socks for long periods of time can also lead to fungal infections. Look for hiking socks that wick moisture away from your skin.
  5. Pack a smart pack. Bring a basic first aid kit, some pieces of moleskin and extra socks in your pack. These small items can come in handy in a big way for eliminating discomfort on the trail.

If despite all these precautions you end up with a knee, foot or ankle injury or pain that persists more than a day after your hike, contact our Edison, Monroe or Monmouth Junction office for an appointment as soon as possible after the injury by calling: 732-662-3050.

By Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care
April 04, 2018
Category: Achilles Tendon

As the days finally begin to get warmer and spring makes a somewhat belated appearance, we at Affiliated Foot & Ankle Care know that many of our patients will see this as the perfect opportunity to start a new outdoor fitness program. This means we will likely be seeing a rash of injuries due to inappropriate preparation and unsound exercise regimens. One part of the lower extremity that is particularly vulnerable to these types of scenarios is your Achilles tendon.

Sources of Injury

Your Achilles tendon is a long band of tissue that runs down the back of your lower leg connecting your calf muscle to your heel bone. It helps to raise the heel off the ground and makes walking possible. The Achilles tendon is the largest and one of the strongest tendons in the body. It can tolerate forces of 1,000 pounds or more. It is also the most commonly injured tendon.

Issues involving the Achilles tendon include:

  • Tendonitis—the inflammation of the tendon
  • Tendonosis—the progression to degeneration of the tendon characterized by microscopic tears
  • Rupture—a partial or complete tear of the tendon

All of these types of injuries are caused by overuse and sudden force applied to the tendon. Some common reasons for Achilles tendon issues include:

  • Over-zealous exercise-if you attempt to go from couch potato to track star overnight without gradually building up stamina and muscle, you are setting the scene for an Achilles injury
  • Not stretching or warming up adequately before and after exercise
  • Hill running and stair climbing
  • Trauma to the tendon from a very hard or sudden contraction of the calf muscles, which could result from a sprint or a sudden start
  • Wearing inappropriate footwear for the activity you are doing or for your feet--patients that tend to overpronate are more likely to sustain an Achilles injury

Signs of Achilles Trouble

Symptoms of Achilles tendon issues may start out as mild pain or stiffness along the tendon after running or exercising but will steadily progress to severe pain. Swelling, morning tenderness and sluggishness in your lower leg may also be present. Any recurring pain in the tendon area should be evaluated by our podiatrists, Dr. Ben Gujral and Dr. Nrupa Shah. There are several treatment options available but it’s important to seek treatment as soon as possible to avoid possible long-term consequences to the tendon. If you are experiencing ongoing pain or stiffness in your Achilles tendon, contact our New Jersey offices today in Edison, Monroe or Monmouth Junction by calling: 732-662-3050.

By Nrupa Shah
July 29, 2015
Category: Footwear

Many people have experienced the detrimental effects that a bad pair of shoes can have on one’s health. After a day of wearing a bad pair of shoes one might complain of various pains throughout their body such as in the arch of their foot, their heel, ankle, knees, lower back, and even headaches in some extreme cases. Summer time is notoriously known as being a season for wearing poorly supporting footwear in the form of flip-flops and sandals. While sandals and flip-flops may seem fashionable and comfortable to wear in the summer, they don’t provide much support or protection for your feet. Wearing sandals or flip-flops for short periods while at the beach is okay but if you are planning to walk long distances or do any type of work then it would be a wise idea to change into something more supportive for your feet. Due to the lack of support flip-flops and sandals offer, wearing them for long period’s time will put tremendous stress on your feet which can lead to or exacerbate several foot deformities.

While the list of foot problems caused by poor footwear is a long one, some of the more common conditions include plantar fasciitis, bunions, hammer toes, heel pain, and a whole host of others. With the various styles and types of shoes available, one may be wondering how they should go about picking out a shoe in order to prevent any foot pain or foot deformities. While each individual is going to require a slightly different style of shoe, there are things to look for in a shoe. First off, you want to select a shoe the matches the shape of your foot. Some people have wide feet, others have narrow feet. Some people have straight feet, and some have feet that look curved from above. Second, you want a shoe that is properly fitted for your foot. Make sure to measure the length and width of your foot each time before buying a new pair of shoes. You also want a shoe with just the right amount of arch support because the arch of your foot is where most of the shock absorption occurs so you want that area well supported. You’ll want a shoe with a good broad based heel no more than one and a half inches thick. Finally you want to make sure the shoe has an appropriately sized toe box (the part of the shoe that houses the toes) so that your toes aren’t crushed together or rubbing on the top and that there is at least a half inch of space between the end of your longest toe and the front of the shoe.

While these are some the basic things to consider when selecting a shoe, one may need to consider other factors as well such as any foot deformities, type of work they will be performing in them, and also medical conditions such as diabetes. If you would like to discuss your footwear with a podiatrist or would like more information about selecting a shoe that’s right for you please make an appointment with one of our podiatrists at Affiliated Foot and Ankle Care located in Edison and Monroe, NJ.

Nrupa Shah

It’s almost that time of year again; time to head back to school! For any of you that have a daughter you know that going back to school is all about having the latest fashion, and having the newest and coolest shoes. A lot of girls are trying to be like famous girls they look up to like Selena Gomez and Miley Cyrus. However, in all the photos we see of these girls that our daughters look up to they are wearing high heels, so of course middle school and high school girls insist on having a cute pair of heels for back to school. But is this good for your daughter’s feet?

The answer is simple, no! As a child or young adult, girls’ feet are still growing and are very susceptible to being deformed as they grow. There are many problems that can arise in your daughter’s feet from wearing heels; some of these problems include developing hammertoes, stress fractures and being more prone to sprained ankles. A majority of people with hammertoes are in older women who squish their toes into heels frequently; in a growing child’s foot the tendons that can create hammertoe are more likely to be moved into the position that creates this deformity. For any woman who has worn heels you know how easy it is step in a hole or just shift your balance and fall off the heel and sprain your ankle. In children the ankle ligaments are still growing and aren’t as strong as yours or mine so if they wear heels and twist their ankle in a weird way they are more likely to do serious damage to their ankle ligaments.

We all want our daughters to be happy when they go back to school, but high heels aren’t safe for young girls’ feet; however there are many types of flat shoes that are really cute and cool for your daughter to get ready for back to school! If you or your daughter needs more advice on the right shoes for back to school you can make an appointment with your local podiatrist at Affiliated Foot and Ankle Care in Edison and Monroe NJ today!

By Nrupa Shah