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Posts for tag: Joint swelling

 

We’ve all heard about this thing called gout, and I’m sure everyone associates it with their feet. But what exactly is this condition and how do people get it?  Gout is a build-up of uric acid within the joints of the body. Wait, what is uric acid? It is a waste product of metabolism in your body; it is made when the food you make is broken down. When this builds up in the joints it is similar to arthritis.

Certain people are more likely to have this happen than other people. There is a genetic link to it, so if someone in your family develops gout it is more likely that you will develop it compared to someone who has never had someone in their family develop it. Men between the ages of 40 and 60 are more likely to develop it, and a diet including high amount of meat, seafood and beer increase the chances of this developing.

The common symptoms of gout in the foot include pain and swelling of the joints; red, shiny skin around the joint; itchy and flaky skin of the joint. These symptoms will appear very quickly, last for around a week then disappear. The big toe is the most common place for this to occur, however it can also occur in the other toes and heel.

Your local podiatrist Dr. Gujral at Affiliated Foot and Ankle Care can diagnose this condition by using the serum uric acid test or by examining the synovial fluid of the joint. The serum uric acid test is done by drawing blood from the arm and checking for raised uric acid levels in the blood. Synovial fluid is the fluid that lines all the joints of your body to make them move, some of this fluid can be taken out of the affected joint and looked at under a microscope to look for the presence of the gout.

Gout is treated with medications and lifestyle changes to prevent future occurrences of the condition. The medications required are urate lowering therapies, these medications reduce urate levels in the body to a point below where crystals can form, and they dissolve existing crystals. Applying ice and taking Tylenol can help relieve the symptoms also. Some lifestyle changes, mostly in diet, will be required so this doesn’t happen again in the future. Cutting down on certain meats like liver, venison, kidney and turkey and other foods like seafood, spinach and asparagus will be recommended.

If you believe you have symptoms of gout, please call our office and make an appointment.  We have two offices and we are conveniently located in Edison and in Monroe, NJ.

 

By Varun Gujral